Today is the anniversary of the 1922 by-election in Hackney South caused by the expulsion from the House of Commons of Horatio Bottomley, swindler, showman and publisher of John Bull, a forerunner of today’s tabloids.
Bottomley was twice thrown out of the House of Commons. He was first elected for Hackney South in 1906 as a Liberal, but had the whip withdrawn when he was declared bankrupt. As a result he was forced to leave Parliament in 1912.
However, he was re-elected for his former seat in 1918 as an Independent, but thrown out again when he was jailed for seven years for fraudulent conversion, causing the by-election held on this day in 1922.
The 1922 by-election was won by the Conservative, Clifford Erskine-Bolst. However, a general election was called before he could take up his seat, although he did retain the seat at the 1922 general election, only to lose it to Herbert Morrison of the Labour Party (grandfather of Peter Mandelson) the following year.
Between 1912 and 1945 Hackney South was represented by MPs of four different political persuasions - Independent, Labour, Conservative and Liberal - rejoicing in a variety of interesting names – Hector, Horatio, Clifford, Marjorie, George and two Herberts.